Knowledge Management

Terminology in Technical Writing

This paper has been published in Budin, G, Wright, S.E. (1997). Handbook of Terminology Management. John Benjamins: Amsterdam / Philadelphia. As the original sources are no longer in my possession, I had to use a PDF version with flaws in the graphics, for which I beg for your pardon.

It explores the impact of instructional discourse on the underlying terminology, in particular on  the structure of definitions and of action-centred concept systems.

Knowledge Representation Graphs

From classical representations of knowledge by physical graphs to nowadays structuring of it by virtual ones, this paper explores the way concept relations and concept structure have been mapped onto space.

Cahiers des charges d’ouvrages complexes

La segmentation actuelle des cahiers des charges utilisés pour l’exécution et le contrôle des ouvrages dans le domaine du bâtiment est conçue par lots, alors que chaque type de composant de l’ouvrage (les portes, par exemple), est soumis aux contraintes relatives à des lots différents (les ventouses électro-magnétiques des portes apparaissant dans le lot “Courants faibles”, alors que les portes se trouvent décrites dans le lot “Menuiserie intérieure”).

Les spécifications à retenir par le prestataire responsable des portes (qui appartient à un corps de métier défini, “Menuisier”), sont disséminées dans la cahier des charges mais également complétées par les “bonnes pratiques” officielles, qui font légalement autorité (les DTU). Cette étude propose un système de navigation de l’ensemble des contraintes applicables, non pas par corps de métier (et, donc, de “lots”), mais par segment d’ouvrage placé sous la responsabilité du même prestataire.

Adapting Specifications to Stakeholders

Complex systems usually involve several providers (of parts, of services). As the system is specified as a whole when the order is placed, different actors are bound to disentangle specifications so as to locate what precisely concerns their work.

As each of them has an implicit model of what he contributes to the overall system (some part, as actuators, or some work, as cabling or physically installing), specifications should be organised so as to fit these models. Indeed, most of non-quality cost ground in misunderstanding of specifications.

Informal Introduction to Ontologies

Introduced as “Maps of Knowledge”, Topic Maps are viewed a particularly user-friendly version of ontologies, i.e., as human-manageable and human-understandable realistic pictures of knowledge or information.